Liberation, Democracy and Justice
The Fundamental Rights
Article: 1- Since Balochistan has been illegally occupied; the liberation struggle for a free and democratic Balochistan is legal and just.
Article: 2- The Baloch national struggle is for the pursuit of the most fundamental principles of the right to life, protection, self-preservation and to uphold the principle of equal rights for all members of society.
Article: 3- The Baloch national struggle is for the moral primacy of each person as an end and not as a means to serve an end. On this basis it upholds all individuals as equal.
Article: 4- The Baloch national struggle is a secular movement. It is for the separation of religion from state and politics. It is for the power of reason and in opposition to any religious and ideological dogma.
Article: 5- Freedom of religion, belief and expression are among the most fundamental rights of the citizens of Balochistan. Every individual is free to follow any religion or unorthodox belief provided that in so doing they do not impose their religion and belief and hence infringe the liberty of other people to believe the contrary.
Article: 6- The Baloch democratic movement is for liberty and freedom in the true sense of the term. It recognizes and appreciates the fact that human imagination has no limitation. It regards this valued human quality as one of the most cardinal attributes of humanity. This quality of human nature is the essence and the reason for free thinking and expression. We cherish this human attribute and endeavour to encourage it to flourish it in an open and free society. The attribute of imagination is indivisible from ones existence. Blind fundamentalism, in all its forms, which restrict human imagination and contemplation, by any oppressive means, is contrary to human nature and against their birth rights. Hence, the Baloch democratic struggle places the right of free imagination, thinking and expression among its first rate priorities.
Article: 7- It follows from the very nature of the infinite horizon of human imagination that there will be diversity in perception, understanding, opinion and beliefs. On this account alone, violation of freedom of thought and expression of the citizens of Balochistan would be contrary to their natural rights and justice.
Article: 8- Equality between men and women is one of the core principles of the Balochistan democratic movement. In the free and democratic Balochistan men and women will be treated equally and entitled to all rights, protections and freedoms under the law. This equality would be in all sphere of society, in civil, economic, educational, social, cultural and political rights.
Inclusive Methods of Struggle
Article: 9- The Baloch national struggle for a free and democratic Balochistan is inclusive. It is for all people from all walks of life in Balochistan and outside Balochistan. These include all freedom loving men, women and children regardless of their political persuasion, ethnic background or ideological and religious belief.
Article: 10- The Baloch struggle for freedom is a portfolio of methods of struggle – it values any support, by Baloch and the international community, to achieve a free and independent Balochistan. The forms of struggle will include independent party politics, organized unions and associations such as trade unions and student unions, women’s associations, writers associations, lawyers associations, journalist associations, farmers association and so on. It will also include pressure groups; human rights activists, the environmentalists, families of the state victim’s campaigners, anti-nuclear campaigners, anti-war campaigners and civil disobedience, including forms of struggle that are employed in self-defence.
Article: 11- Participating in occupying states’ pseudo parliament is contrary to the very spirit of this charter. Taking part in these colonial instruments of control will hinder our struggle to achieve freedom. Thus, any individual or political organization that approves this charter, cannot participate in Pakistani and Iranian bogus parliamentary systems.
Article: 12- All forms of struggle for freedom will be within the boundaries of international law and human rights conventions.
The Legitimacy of Political System
Article: 13- The ultimate aim of the Baloch liberation struggle is to put the destiny of the Baloch nation in the hands of Baloch people.
Article: 14- The legal and moral legitimacy of the political system that governs Balochistan stems from decisions of the liberated people of Balochistan in free and democratic general elections, monitored by UN and other independent bodies and observed by national and international media.
Article: 15- No political system has moral validity and legitimacy in Balochistan while it is not free from illegal occupation. Representative democracy and peoples’ sovereignty in Balochistan will only have legal legitimacy if the exercise of political power is by the people and not in the name of Baloch people.
Article: 16- The political power structure that is dictated by occupying powers is a negation and not the reflection of the sovereign will of the citizens of Balochistan. Such an oppressive political system is incompatible to freedom and democracy.
Article: 17- The apparent dichotomy of democracy under subjugation can only be resolved through the liberation of the subjugated nation from the yoke of illegal occupation. Democracy, justice and respect for human rights in Balochistan will remain empty slogans as long as Balochistan is confined to the present colonial geopolitical boundaries and rules.
Article: 18- Civil and political rights are only meaningful in a nation that is not illegally occupied and where its citizens aspire to be democratic and freely subject themselves to their own political authority, which has not been imposed from outside.
Article: 19- Historical injustices and exploitation cannot be restored completely. No system of government can overcome all injustices that a nation has experienced in the past. But a democratic political system that operates on the principles of freedom, human rights, social justice, equal opportunity and economic efficiency is the one system that is both feasible and operable in Balochistan.
Meaningful Democracy and Peace
Article: 20- A necessary requirement, to guarantee a meaningful democracy, is the provision of a democratic environment. This implies among other factors a free media and press, independent judiciary, free assemblies and associations, equality in economic opportunity, adequate education and multi-party politics. A meaningful democracy cannot be implemented when the society, culture, politics, law, morality, language, economy and environments of a nation are captive to a colonial hostile power. In the absence of these essential constituents democracy remains nominal and it is used as a tool to hide the hegemony of military occupation.
Article: 21- All Baloch political prisoners under the custody of occupying states should be released immediately and unconditionally.
Article: 22- A committee should be formed, under the supervision of the UNO and national and international human rights organizations, to investigate the fate of all disappeared persons in Balochistan and to bring all perpetrators of such crimes to the International Court of Justice.
Article: 23 – Conflict Resolution
A) Since Balochistan has been illegally occupied all the occupying forces should unconditionally withdraw from Baloch homeland. Otherwise it is the legal and moral responsibility of International community to intervene in Balochistan to end the illegal occupation.
B) After the withdrawal of occupying forces, international community should assist the state of Balochistan in securing the borders and to establish political and legal institutions.
C) The provisional government of Balochistan will hold general elections in 24 months and transfer political power to elected members.
Article: 24- All international and national media, human rights organisations and aid agencies must be given unrestricted access to all parts of occupied Balochistan.
Article: 25- There should be full implementation of the rules set out in the Fourth Geneva Convention relating to the occupying states in reference to liberation resistance movements and armed conflict.
Constitutional Law and Justice
Article: 26- A democratic republic of Balochistan will prepare and adopt a modern secular and democratic constitution.
Article: 27- In a free Balochistan all forms of dictatorial political systems, under whatever name, will be rejected resolutely and categorically.
Article: 28- The Balochistan political system will be laid exclusively on principles of personal liberty, freedom of thought and speech, a representative government and an independent judiciary. True implementation of these principles will ensure the independent state of Balochistan is saved from any form of dictatorship and unrepresentative political systems.
Article: 29- A pivotal statute of a Balochistan constitution shall be the edict of equality before law. According to this statute no one is allowed to interfere with or invade a person’s liberty, privacy and property without permission of law.
Article: 30- There can be no liberty, fairness, maintenance of peace and order, freedom, security, free speech and justice without judicial freedom and independence. For the proper administration of justice, the judicial system in Balochistan will remain independent. The independence of a judiciary can act as a check and balance mechanism. It shall avert despotism, tyranny, misgovernment and injustices and ensure liberty within the law.
Article: 31- To secure justice and fairness the courts of law in Balochistan will operate openly and fairly.
Article: 32- In a Democratic Republic of Balochistan it is of paramount importance to uphold and safeguard the unconditional principle of a fair trial. Everyone accused of unlawful activity will be given a fair hearing by an independent and impartial tribunal. The principle of the presumption of innocence applies to all accused. The minimum guarantees for the defence will be provided to all the accused. Every accused is entitled to the right of review of his or her case by a higher tribunal.
Article: 33- Natural justice will comprise the foundation of a justice system in Balochistan. According to its first rule no person should be a judge in his or her own cause. A true and just judicial decision can only be reached when the judge is impartial. The second rule of natural justice states that everyone must have the right to be heard in his or her own defence. It would be contrary to natural justice if the accused is being denied the opportunity of being heard in his and her own defence.
Article: 34- Every person in Balochistan will be protected with the same legal rights. The law will provide equal protection to all individuals whose freedom of action within the law is violated. These areas of protection will include the right of
b) Prosecution or civil action for assault,
c) The right of action for wrongful arrest, false imprisonment,
d) The right of bail, if arrested, and the right of habeas corpus.
Article: 35- The right to life is the most fundamental right of every person and this cannot be taken from any person. The arbitrary deprivation of life by hanging, execution, torture or by any other forms of humane or inhumane practice are contrary to the very spirit of humanity and the Baloch moral codes and values. These actions will be prohibited absolutely and categorically under the Democratic Republic of Balochistan.
Against Discrimination and for Equal Opportunity
Article: 36- A free and democratic Balochistan will take a strong and uncompromising stance against corruption and make every effort to eradicate it at all levels.
Article: 37- For a responsible state apparatus to function effectively and dutifully it requires the formation of an efficient, transparent and accountable body of institutions. In achieving this objective the civil servants of a national or a local government will be appointed on their merit by open competition. Moreover, the civil servants must remain non-political and neutral. This is in order to be able to serve different elected governments impartially and fair-mindedly.
Article: 38- A free Balochistan will endorse the fight against any discrimination on the ground of gender, background, belief, age and ethnicity. All ethnic and religious minorities in Balochistan will have equal rights in the same measure as with the rest of population to practice their faiths and to preserve and protect their languages and customs.
Article: 39- A free Balochistan will act and operate according to the principles of equal opportunity; in the right of access to education, health and legal protection. Implementation of equal opportunities will be done in an open, transparent and accountable manner. This should operate on the principle of individual merit rather than family ties, nepotism and favour.
Article: 40- The state of Balochistan will make education one of its top priorities. Education will be compulsory and free up to the age of 16. Balochistan government will take concrete steps to ensure that a meaningful educational system is available, accessible, suitable and adaptable to all children. Priority will be given to promotion of respect to physical and mental dignity of pupils and full development of their talents, abilities and potentials.
Article: 41- Independent Balochistan will be a civil, open, tolerant and democratic society, where all individuals are treated as equal under the rule of law.
Article: 42- The state of Balochistan will be based on human rights, freedom, democracy and the rule of law. It will protect democratic and personal freedoms including free, multi-party elections, the right to protest and freedom of speech and the press, as enshrined in the UN’s Universal Declaration of Human Rights and International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights.
Article: 43- No government in Balochistan will be considered legitimate and democratic without being elected in an open and transparent election. The supreme power of any political system ultimately will rest in the hands of the people of Balochistan. Only the electorate in a secret ballot will decide the legitimacy of political sovereignty.
Article: 44- A free and independent Balochistan aims to have a constitutional parliamentarian political system. A political system that will operate under an independent legal system with free political parties, free and fair elections undertaken on the principle of one person one vote.
Article: 45- The Balochistan National Assembly (Balochistane Mazanen Diwaan) will be the highest democratic expression of the Baloch nation. The members of the National Assembly will be elected in free, open and transparent elections. The National Assembly will be the representative body of men and women of Balochistan.
Article: 46- The Balochistan National Assembly will be the pinnacle of truth, justice, honour and trust. This is the uppermost institution in Balochistan that will ensure and protect the democratic rights of the people of Balochistan. It will act as a fortress against any kind of totalitarian political system.
Article: 47- The executive, the prime minister and the cabinet of ministers, together with the civil service, will operate on behalf of the state of Balochistan. All these state functionaries will be accountable for their actions to the Balochistan National Assembly (Balochistane Mazanin Diwaan) and ultimately to the people of Balochistan.
Article: 48- A successful democratic political system needs an effective and stable channel of transition from one government to a newly formed elected government. The continuing element that will enable a stable transition of one government to another in Balochistan will be one
a) The political party that is commanding a majority in the National Assembly forms the government
b) The elected national assembly shall complete its constitutional term; the dissolution of the elected national assembly by any reason before completing its constitutional term would be illegal under the provisional constitution except when a 2/3 majority of its elected members wants the dissolution of the national assembly.
c) The Elected national assembly shall be dissolved for re-election by the head of state after completing its constitutional term. All parts of this article will be explained completely in the provisional constitution of Balochistan.
Article: 49- Balochistan National Army will be formed out of various groups of Sarmacharan (Armed Baloch Liberation Organisations). The Balochistan national army will be a subordinate state organ to the elected civilian political authority. The scope and mandate of the Balochistan national army will be defined by the National Assembly, Balochistan’s constitution and international law. The army will be subject and accountable to close scrutiny by Balochistan state, judiciary, civil society and media. The principal duty of the army will be the territorial defence of Balochistan. Members of the Balochistan armed forces will be barred from any involvement in politics, commercial and other employment activities while they remain in the service.
Article: 50 – Holding unlicensed arms and any private army will be illegal.
Article: 51 – The illegal occupation of Balochistan by foreign powers has resulted in a divided society, with corruption and the misuse of illicit drugs, religious fundamentalism and intolerance, famine, disease, epidemics, and pestilence. In order to restore this gravely broken society and remove age old grievances, conflicts, economic and social disparities government of Balochistan will set up an appropriate independent committees. These committees will act as arbiters between different social groups to improve their economic well-being and social cohesion in general. Every attempt will be made by empowering all social groups in the process of decision making, in order that they work for the common good of society as a whole.
The Sovereign State of Balochistan
Article: 52- The division of Balochistan into several parts is a legacy of the British Empire. The ultimate aim of the Baloch Liberation Struggle is to reunify the divided territories of Balochistan into one country and to grant full sovereignty to a single national Baloch state.
Article: 53- The primary duties and functions of the state of Balochistan are; the protection of Balochistan from external aggression, the maintenance of internal law and order, the administration of justice, the provision of welfare services and conducting and maintaining foreign relations.
Article: 54- Currently in Balochistan there is not a viable and workable social and economic infrastructure. The poor infrastructure in Balochistan is caused by decades of illegal occupation, lack of investment and exploitation. A pressing responsibility of the government of Balochistan will be to plan, develop, manage, support and promote an environmentally efficient infrastructure. The government of Balochistan will provide, foster, maintain and regulate a workable infrastructure. The most vital components of this infrastructure are communications, transport and storage, energy generation and supply, electrification and electrical grid, clean water and sanitation services. Other activities that should also be included on this list are regular investment in science and technology, social, cultural and legal institutions. These groundwork improvements will create fitting an environment for sustainable levels of economic development. It will also ensure and promote effective mobilization of resources in all sectors of the economy. A successful and sustainable economy and civil society in Balochistan will ultimately depend on the reliability of its interconnected economic and social infrastructure.
Article: 55- All citizens in Balochistan are free to travel, to set up an enterprise or work in any part of Balochistan. Nobody shall be treated less favourably with regards to their right to travel, the choice of profession, place of work and in their entitlement of labour and employment rights.
Article: 56- All natural resources in Balochistan belong to the people of Balochistan. These resources will be managed and controlled by the state of Balochistan. Their use will be for the welfare of people who live in Balochistan. No other country or nation should have the right to exploit these resources for their own benefit and interest.
Article: 57-Trade between Balochistan and other nations in all natural resources extracted from Balochistan will be guided by international and regional market prices
Article: 58- The government of Balochistan is responsible for introducing a comprehensive system of social security and a welfare state system. These services will include the national health services, the welfare services, and sickness and unemployment benefits.
Article: 59- The free and democratic state of Balochistan is responsible for the protection of all vulnerable and unrepresented social groups in Balochistan. These groups include children, senior citizens and all disabled individuals. The state of Balochistan will be responsible for providing economic and political safety nets for these social groups to improve their social, political and economic standing so that they can enjoy the same equal rights and opportunities as the rest of population.
Article: 60- The efficient and adequate provision of public goods will be one of the main responsibilities of the government of Balochistan. The provision of these goods must be in an open and transparent manner. The government will be held accountable for mishandling and the misuse of public funds in the provision of such goods and services.
Article: 61- The independent state of Balochistan will be responsible for establishing an open and independent court of justice to investigate crimes committed by all sides against the people of Balochistan in the past decades. Those who were involved in taking part in crimes will be brought to justice and compensation will be given to the victims of these crimes.
Article: 62- The independent state of Balochistan will demand compensation from the former occupying states that have looted and plundered Balochistan of its natural resources.
Article: 63- A free and democratic Balochistan will work dutifully for national, regional and world peace and economic prosperity. It will work actively with the international human rights organizations and institutions that are working for world peace. It strongly believes in upholding international laws and codes and will proactively encourage living in peace with all its neighbours, respecting their rights and cooperating in the pursuit of mutual interest and economic prosperity.
Article: 64- The state of Balochistan will set up a fund to support the immediate family members of those who paid the ultimate price for the liberation of our motherland.
Society, Economy and Environment
Article: 65- The Baloch Languages of Balochi and Brahui will be the national languages of Balochistan. English will be the second official language and the medium of communication in the international arena.
Article: 66- Balochistan will act as a mixed economy where the private, the public and voluntary sectors of economy will operate within and according to the law of the land to serve the common good of the citizens of Balochistan.
Article: 67- “Ma Choken Balochani” is the anthem of Baloch Liberation Struggle. The National anthem of sovereign Balochistan will be chosen and approved by the provisional government or the first elected National Assembly.
Article: 68- The Baloch liberation struggle’s flag that has increasingly been adopted consists of three parts. Against the hoist is a blue chevron with a white star as an emblem (or charge). From the chevron to the fly, extend two equal fesses. The upper fess is red and the lower fess green. The national flag of sovereign Balochistan will be decided and approved by the first Balochistan national Assembly.
Article: 69- An independent Balochistan shall be returned to its legitimate historical and geopolitical borders which were drawn at the time of Baloch sovereign state of Mir Naseer Khan.
Article: 70- The date selected for national remembrance of the heroes of our liberation struggle and their ultimate sacrifice for regaining our independence will be on 13 of November. On this day in 1839 Mir Mehrab Khan and many of his soldiers lost their lives while defending Balochistan against the invading army of British Empire.
Article: 71- No society can function in a humane and civilized manner without paying due attention and respect to the rights and welfare of other living species. In a free and democratic Balochistan the government of Balochistan will ensure that all animals are treated and protected in accordance to international animal rights conventions and treaties.
Article: 72- Without mother Earth there would not be a human species or civilization. The state and citizens of Balochistan will do their utmost to protect, respect and take care of their natural environment.
Article: 73- Soon after regaining independence immediate action will be taken for the complete removal and eradication of all nuclear activities in Balochistan. Nuclear tests were conducted, against the wishes and without the consent of Baloch people, in Balochistan. They were carried out by Pakistan in the Raaskoh range and Chaagi district of Balochistan on 28th May 1998. An independent investigation, by the United Nations, on the impact of these tests on the people and environment in these regions in Balochistan will be requested. The areas that have been contaminated by radio toxicity will be cleaned and there will be independent scientific research carried out to establish the damage caused on the environment and the effects of radiation on the people living in these regions. The State responsible for this crime against the Baloch people will be held accountable and justice will be sought through the international system of justice. Any state held to account should also be made to pay compensation to those people affected from the disaster.
Article: 74- Pressure groups will be integral to and part and parcel of an independent Balochistan. They will be recognised as lawful and essential watchdogs and dynamic forces for change. A democratic Balochistan recognizes diversity and upholds its tenets.
Article: 75- No society or nation can survive and flourish without its industrious and responsible working population. Under an independent Balochistan state, work ethics will be embraced as the principal canon of Baloch culture and social order. This principle will act as a guiding principle in all sectors of the economy.
Article: 76- With this charter coming into effect a committee of experts will be organised to draft the provisional constitution of Balochistan. This constitution shall incorporate the fundamental rights and responsibilities of the Baloch people that are envisaged in this charter. The provisional constitution will integrate the progressive elements for a modern democratic state and Balochistan’s unique history, culture, circumstance and requirements.
Article: 77- The provisional constitution will be presented to the Balochistan National Assembly (Balochistane Mazanen Diwaan) for ratification.
Enlightened modesty and humility is one of our guiding lights. Consequently, this document does not claim the final wisdom. This is not a universal instruction and prescription for all times and all places. It is merely a plan and guide for the Baloch people to regain their inalienable democratic rights of freedom and independence.
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